Bloomberg– Twitter Inc., now rebranded as X, was fined $350,000 for defying a judge’s deadline to comply with a Justice Department search warrant for records related to Donald Trump’s social media account, according to a court opinion unsealed on Wednesday.
The ruling revealed that Special Counsel John “Jack” Smith’s office obtained the warrant as part of its investigation into Trump’s efforts to overturn the 2020 election. Prosecutors had asked a judge to bar Twitter from revealing the warrant’s existence, arguing that alerting the former president “would seriously jeopardize the ongoing investigation” by giving him an opportunity to destroy evidence or change his conduct.
But Twitter objected to the nondisclosure order, claiming it violated the company’s First Amendment free speech protections, and appealed.
In the 3-0 opinion, the US Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit rejected Twitter’s objections to the nondisclosure order and upheld the fine against the company. The social media company ultimately complied with the warrant, the opinion showed.
Judge Florence Pan, who was appointed to the court by President Joe Biden, wrote that prosecutors had offered “unquestionably compelling” reasons to stop Twitter from notifying Trump about the search warrant, and that the government’s interests were “particularly strong” because of the subject of the investigation — efforts to undo “a valid national election.”
Biden ‘Going CRAZY’
In a post on his Truth Social platform, Trump — the front-runner for the Republican presidential nomination for 2024 — criticized how the special counsel’s office had handled the warrant issue.
“Just found out that Crooked Joe Biden’s DOJ secretly attacked my Twitter account, making it a point not to let me know about this major ‘hit’ on my civil rights,” he wrote. “My Political Opponent is going CRAZY trying to infringe on my Campaign for President.”
Trump was indicted on Aug. 1 on felony charges that he conspired to obstruct the election. He has pleaded not guilty.
A spokesperson for Smith declined to comment on the opinion. A representative of X didn’t immediately respond to requests for comment.
X’s lawyer, Ari Holtzblatt of WilmerHale, didn’t respond right away. He is also representing the company against a lawsuit by Trump over his suspension from the platform following the Jan. 6, 2021, attack on the US Capitol.
‘Evidence of Criminal Offenses’
The fight between the special counsel and Twitter unfolded largely in secret court proceedings until Wednesday, when the DC Circuit ordered a redacted version of its July 18 opinion unsealed.
Smith’s office had secured a search warrant for data and other records connected to Trump’s @realDonaldTrump account in mid-January, according to the opinion. The district judge who signed off on it — US District Judge Beryl Howell, then the DC court’s chief judge — found probable cause at the time to search the account “for evidence of criminal offenses.”
The DC Circuit recognized that the Justice Department had difficulty serving Twitter with a copy of the warrant and the nondisclosure order because the company’s website for legal requests was “inoperative.” Prosecutors were able to notify a lawyer for Twitter within a few days.
The DC Circuit panel also featured Judge Nina Pillard, who was appointed by former President Barack Obama, and Judge J. Michelle Childs, who was appointed by Biden.
In objecting to the nondisclosure order, Twitter also challenged that it would bar Trump from having the opportunity to raise executive privilege challenges. The company maintained that it shouldn’t have to comply with the warrant until that issue was fully litigated.
Howell ruled against the company and ordered it to comply by Feb. 7; the original deadline had been Jan. 27. Twitter missed that new deadline and didn’t present all of the records until the evening of Feb. 9, prompting the monetary sanctions.
The judge adopted the government’s proposal for how to calculate the sanctions — $50,000 per day of noncompliance, doubling that rate every additional day — and noted that the company had been sold to Elon Musk for more than $40 billion and that Musk’s net worth was more than $180 billion at the time.
The judge issued another opinion in March, finding the nondisclosure order was “narrowly tailored” to “protect the compelling interest of safeguarding the integrity and secrecy of an ongoing criminal investigation.”
On June 20, the government notified the district judge that it would permit Twitter to alert Trump about the warrant. Twitter paid the fine, but it was held in an escrow account while it pressed its appeal, according to the opinion.
The appeals court also maintained that Howell wasn’t obligated to wait to rule on the contempt issue — and setback the government’s access to evidence in a criminal investigation — until it resolved the merits of Twitter’s challenge to the nondisclosure order.
The case is 23-5044, US Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit (Washington).
–With assistance from Aisha Counts.
NEW – X/Twitter fined $350K as DOJ wants access to Trump's account. pic.twitter.com/1aeJgNGsw2
— Disclose.tv (@disclosetv) August 9, 2023
BREAKING: Biden DOJ fines Elon Musk $350,000 after he REFUSES to give them access to Trump's Twitter accounthttps://t.co/YapVSdu81r
— Jack Poso ???????? (@JackPosobiec) August 9, 2023